Responsibility, Accountability, and Leadership
-- A how-to guide...
I recently had a conversation with some really smart people around our colleague, Dan Pink, and his new book Drive: The surprising truth about what motivates us. Read the book, it's a good one, discussing how intrinsic motivation trumps extrinsic almost all the time. If you were expecting me to now give you some detailed book review, you're about to be disappointed.
As these things often do, we ended up in an extended "bunny trail" conversation around the whole subject of individual responsibility and accountability, and what that really meant from a leadership perspective.
Here's what we discovered during our lengthy and oft-times overly pseudo-cerebral discussions:
Responsibility--the easiest part. Responsibility is simply a list of things we do, tasks we perform, jobs we are given. Alan Weiss called this "inputs." You can be responsible for myriad things, both that you specifically control, and some... well, not so much.
In my world, I'm responsible for providing proposals, answering emails and calls, responding promptly to clients, advising on various things within my expertise, teaching, coaching, etc.
These are all Responsibilities.
Accountability--it's not the same as "blame," per se, though there is a certain sect of people who would ascribe such. No, it's bigger than that, yet infinitely simpler. It's the outcomes of our responsibilities. It's the results expected from our inputs.
For me, improved leadership behavior, demonstrably better skills, increased performance of a business, function, or enterprise (that actually follows my consulting or advice!) are all Accountabilities. It's the results or outcomes of my Responsibilities.
We often confuse these two, yet the differences are both clear and significant. Pay attention to them.
Leadership--heavily influences both Responsibility and Accountability. For instance, we influence--actually determine--what a subordinate's Responsibilities will be. We tell them what we want them to do, what we expect them to be working on, when to be there, etc. Leaders have, quite literally, 100% control (there's that word) over employee Responsibilities.
Now Accountability gets a bit fuzzier.
Yes, leadership determines, from a starting level, what results and/or outcomes that an employee will be Accountable for (sorry for the dreaded stranded preposition--couldn't be helped). But there is also a measure of personal acceptance required for real Accountability to be visible to others--an important component.
An employee can be Accountable "because I said so," but evidence of that employee actually accepting that Accountability requires a willingness on their part to demonstrate that accountability openly, e.g., "Yes, I did that," "No, it wasn't an accident, it was my intent," "That was my responsibility, and I didn't do it," and so on. These demonstrate acceptance of accountability, and that's something only the individual can do.
Now, leadership clearly influences all of this. Leadership has to make sure that Responsibilities are clear, reasonable, and have value. Leaders must also ensure that an environment exists where accepting Accountability is not necessarily fatal; that demonstrating Accountability is a mark of courage and success, not of weakness and/or failure.
This, of course, is the heavy-lifting part.